Florida Honey Bee Management Calendar for South Florida Region

Not in South Florida, click here for North and Central Florida Bee Management Calendars

Florida Regions for Gardening

Florida Regions for Beekeeping

January

  1. Feed colonies if light and supply pollen supplement if necessary. Colonies can starve! (hopefully you left enough honey stores from last season)
  2. Nosema apis and/or Nosema ceranae can be a significant problem this time of year. Be on the watch for Nosema. You have to decide how/if you want to treat.
  3. Repair and paint old equipment for new season
  4. Are you ready for the February Citrus bloom? Talk to your growers!
  5. Blooming plants in Lee County: Blue Porterweed, Mexican Clover,  Primrose WillowSky blue Cluster vine, Sleeping Hibiscus/Turks Cap, Snow Square StemSpanish Needle, Tropical Sage
  6. Blooming plants in South FloridaMaple, Mexican Clover,  Primrose WillowSpanish NeedleWillow

February

  1. Feed colonies if honey stores are light and supply pollen supplement if necessary. Colonies can starve!
  2. Be on the watch for Nosema apis and/or Nosema ceranae. You have to decide how/if you want to treat.
  3. Be on the watch for American Foulbrood and European Foulbrood. You have to decide how/if you want to treat.
  4. Varroa destructor mite numbers begin to grow in South Florida in February. Monitor closely, . You have to decide how/if you want to treat.
  5. Make NUCs and splits – make sure you have new queens available.
  6. Blooming plants in Lee County: Blue PorterweedMango, Mexican CloverSouthern Live OakOrangePrimrose Willow, Sky blue Cluster vine, Sleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSnow Square StemSpanish Needle, Sweet CloverTropical SageWeeping Bottle Brush
  7. Blooming plants in South Florida: Mexican Clover, Southern Live OakOrangePrimrose WillowSpanish NeedleSweet Clover

March

  1. Colony populations begin to grow! Add supers and/or control swarming as necessary
  2. Monitor and continue to treat for prevention of American Foulbrood
  3. Blooming plants in Lee County:  Blue Porterweed, MangoMangrove, Mexican Clover, Southern Live Oak, OrangePrimrose WillowSeagrapeSky blue Cluster vineSleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSnow Square StemSpanish Needle, Sweet CloverTropical SageWeeping Bottle Brush
  4. Blooming plants in South Florida: ButtonwoodMangrove, Mexican CloverSouthern Live OakOrangePrimrose WillowSeagrapeSpanish Needle, Sweet Clover

April

  1. Disease and queen problems should be remedied
  2. Make NUCs and splits – make sure you have new queens available.
  3. Continue swarm control
  4. Flow began in March – continue to add supers as necessary
  5. Begin harvesting and extracting orange blossom honey (late April)
  6. Blooming plants in Lee County: Blue Porterweed, ButtonwoodCarambola (Star Fruit), Chinese Violets, Galberry, Mangrove, Mexican CloverOrangePrimrose Willow, Seagrape, Shrubby False ButtonweedSky blue Cluster vineSky FlowerSleeping Hibiscus/Turks Cap, SmartweedSnow Square StemSpanish NeedleTropical SageWeeping Bottle BrushWild Coffee
  7. Blooming plants in South Florida: ButtonwoodGalberryMangroveMexican CloverOrangePrimrose WillowSeagrape, Shrubby False ButtonweedSmartweedSpanish NeedleWild CoffeeWillow

May

  1. Continue to remedy colony maladies, especially queen problems
  2. Continue swarm control
  3. Continue to add supers as necessary
  4. Move bees from oranges to other locations
  5. Blooming plants in Lee County: Black Mangrove, Blue Porterweed, ButtonwoodButterfly Milkweed, Carambola (Star Fruit), Chinese VioletsDahoon Holly, Galberry, Mango, MangroveMexican CloverPrimrose Willow, Saw PalmettoSeagrape, Shrubby False ButtonweedSky blue Cluster vine, Sky Flower, Sleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSmartweed, Snow Square StemSpanish NeedleTropical SageWild Coffee
  6. Blooming plants in South Florida: Black Mangrove, ButtonwoodDahoon Holly, GalberryMangrove, Mexican CloverPrimrose WillowSaw PalmettoSeagrape, Shrubby False ButtonweedSmartweedSpanish Needle, Wild Coffee

June

  1. Super as necessary for late flows.
  2. If honey flow is over, remove and process honey
  3. Varroa destructor mite populations begin to grow. Monitor colonies closely and treat if necessary
  4. Blooming plants in Lee County: Black MangroveBlue PorterweedButterfly MilkweedChinese VioletsDahoon Holly, Galberry, MelaleucaMangroveMexican Clover, Pickerel weedsPrimrose Willow, Sabal PalmSaw Palmetto,  Shrubby False ButtonweedSky blue Cluster vineSky FlowerSleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSmartweedSnow Square StemSpanish NeedleTropical SageWild Coffee
  5. Blooming plants in South FloridaBlack MangroveDahoon Holly, GalberryMangroveMexican CloverPrimrose Willow, Sabal PalmSaw Palmetto,  Shrubby False ButtonweedSmartweedSpanish NeedleWild Coffee

July

  1. Remove and process honey – main flow stops
  2. Varroa destructor mite populations begin to grow. Monitor colonies closely and treat if necessary
  3. Blooming plants in Lee County:  Black MangroveBlue PorterweedButterfly MilkweedChinese VioletsDahoon Holly, Melaleuca,  MangroveMexican Clover, Pickerel weedsPrimrose Willow, Sabal Palm,  Shrubby False ButtonweedSky blue Cluster vineSky FlowerSleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSmartweedSnow Square StemSpanish NeedleTropical Sage
  4. Blooming plants in South FloridaDahoon Holly, MangroveMelaleucaMexican CloverPrimrose Willow, Sabal Palm,  Shrubby False ButtonweedSmartweedSpanish Needle

August

  1. Monitor colonies for Varroa destructor mite (see July)
  2. Monitor for American Foulbrood and European Foulbrood
  3. Feed colonies if light
  4. Monitor for and control small hive beetles (Aethina tumida)
  5. It’s hot! Make sure colonies have adequate ventilation
  6. Attend South Florida Bee College
  7. Blooming plants in Lee County: Blue PorterweedButterfly MilkweedChinese Violets,MelaleucaMexican Clover, Pickerel weedsPrimrose Willow, Sabal Palm,  Shrubby False ButtonweedSky blue Cluster vineSky FlowerSleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSmartweedSnow Square StemSpanish NeedleTropical Sage
  8. Blooming plants in South Florida: MelaleucaMexican CloverPrimrose Willow, Sabal Palm,  Shrubby False ButtonweedSmartweedSpanish Needle

September

  1. Monitor colonies for Varroa destructor mite (see July)
  2. Super if strong Brazilian Pepper flow
  3. Monitor for Nosema apis and/or Nosema ceranae
  4. If no nectar flow, feed colonies if light
  5. Blooming plants in Lee County:  Blue Porterweed, Brazilian PepperButterfly Milkweed, Carambola (Star Fruit)Chinese Violets, Coral Vine, Firebush, Goldenrod, MelaleucaMexican Clover, Pickerel weedsPrimrose Willow, Sabal Palm,  Seagrape, Shrubby False ButtonweedSky blue Cluster vine,  Sleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSmartweedSnow Square StemSpanish NeedleTropical Sage
  6. Blooming plants in South Florida: Brazilian Pepper, MelaleucaMexican CloverPrimrose Willow, Sabal Palm,  Shrubby False ButtonweedSmartweedSpanish Needle

October – December

  1. Varroa destructor mite populations peaked in Aug/Sep. Monitor Varroa mite populations closely and treat if necessary. Varroa mites remain an issue through the winter due to the warmer temps
  2. Monitor for Nosema apis and/or Nosema ceranae.
  3. Monitor for and control small hive beetles (Aethina tumida)
  4. Feed colonies if light (colonies can starve!)
  5. Monitor and treat for Tracheal mites (mix vegetable oil and powdered sugar until doughy, not sticky to touch; place a pancake sized patty on top of bars of brood chambers)
  6. October Blooming plants in Lee County:  Blue PorterweedBrazilian Pepper,  Carambola (Star Fruit), Chinese Violets, Coconut Palm,  Coral VineGoldenrod, MelaleucaMexican Clover, Pickerel weedsPrimrose Willow, Sky blue Cluster vine, Sleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSmartweedSnow Square StemSpanish Needle, Tropical Sage
  7. November Blooming plants in Lee County:  Blue PorterweedChinese Violets,  Goldenrod, MelaleucaMexican Clover, Pickerel weedsPrimrose Willow, Sky blue Cluster vine, Sleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSnow Square StemSpanish Needle, Tropical Sage
  8. December Blooming plants in Lee County:  Blue Porterweed, Melaleuca,  Mexican CloverPrimrose Willow, Sky blue Cluster vine, Sleeping Hibiscus/Turks CapSnow Square StemSpanish Needle, Tropical Sage
  9. Oct-Dec Blooming plants in South Florida:  Brazilian Pepper, Bush Aster, GoldenrodMexican CloverPrimrose WillowSmartweedSpanish Needle, Spotted Mint (Bee Balm) , Vine Aster [Dec also has MapleWillow]

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