Florida Planting Guide

Anyone who has gardened in Florida knows that our seasons don’t follow those printed in most gardening books…so here is a Planting Guide specifically for Florida.  We’ve highlighted those in specific to our area (south Florida). Not sure which region you are in..here’s a map by county.

Florida Regions for Gardening

Florida Regions for Gardening

Warm Season Fruits and Vegetables

CROP Start Indoors Can be Direct Seeded Plant Outdoors North FL Plant Outdoors Central FL Plant Outdoors South FL Seed Depth Space Per Plant Days to Harvest
Bush Beans 4 weeks Yes Mar-Apr + Aug-Sep Feb-Apr + Sep Sep-Apr 1″-2″ 2-3″ 50-60
Pole Beans 4 weeks Yes Mar-Apr + Aug-Sep Feb-Apr + Aug-Sep Aug-Apr 1″-2″ 3-5″ 55-70
Lima Beans 3-4 weeks Yes Mar-Aug Feb-Apr + Sep Aug-Apr 1″-2″ 3-4″ 65-75
Cantaloupe 3-4 weeks Yes Mar-Apr Feb-Apr Aug-Sep + Feb-Mar 1″-2″ 24-36″ 75-90
Sweet Corn 2-4 weeks Yes Mar-Apr + Aug Feb-Mar + Aug-Sep Aug-Mar 1″-2″ 12″ 60-90
Cucumbers 3-4 weeks Yes Feb-Apr + Aug-Sep Feb-Mar + Sep Sep-Mar 1″-2″ 12″ Trellis 40-65
Eggplant 8-10 weeks No Feb-Jul Jan-Mar + Aug-Sep Dec-Feb + Aug 1/2″ 24-36″ 75-110
Okra 4-6 weeks Yes Mar-Jul Mar-Aug Aug-Sep 1-2″ 6-12″ 50-75
Southern Peas 3-4 weeks Yes Mar-Aug Mar-Sep Aug-Apr 1-2″ 2-3″ 60-90
Peppers 6-8 weeks No Feb-Apr + Jul-Aug Feb-May + Aug-Sep Aug-Mar 1/2″ 12-24″ 60-100
Sweet Potato Tubulars Slips Mar-Jun  Feb Feb-Jun  Feb Feb-Jun   Feb 12-14″ 120-40 200
Pumpkins 3-4 weeks Yes Mar-Apr + Aug Feb-Mar + Aug Jan-Feb + Aug-Sep 1-2″ 36-60″ 80-120
Summer Squash 3-4 weeks Yes Mar-Apr + Aug-Sep Feb-Mar + Aug-Sep Jan-Mar + Sep-Oct 1-2″ 24-36″ 35-70
Winter Squash 3-4 weeks Yes Mar + Aug Feb-Mar + Aug Jan-Feb + Sep 1-2″ 36-48″ 35-55 or 70-110
Tomatoes 6-8 weeks No Feb-Apr + Aug-Sep Feb-Apr + Sep Aug-Mar 1/2″ 18-24″ 75-110
Watermelon 3-4 weeks Yes Mar-Apr + Jul-Aug Jan-Mar + Aug Jan-Mar + Aug-Sep 1/2″ 12-24″ 60-100

Cool Season Fruits and Vegetables

CROP Start Indoors Can be Direct Seeded Plant Outdoors North FL Plant Outdoors Central FL Plant Outdoors South FL Seed Depth Space Per Plant Days to Harvest
Beets 4-6 weeks Yes Sep-Mar Oct-Mar Oct-Feb 1/2″-1″ 3-5″ 50-60
Broccoli 4-6 weeks Yes, not preferred Aug-Feb Aug-Jan Sep-Jan 1/2″ 3-5″ 75-90
Brussel Sprouts 4-6 weeks Yes, not preferred Sep-Nov Oct-Nov Oct-Dec 1/” 30-36″ 90-120
Cabbage 4-6 weeks Yes, not preferred Sep-Feb Sep-Jan Sep-Jan 1/2″ 24-36″ 90-110
Carrots 3-4 weeks Yes Sep-Mar Oct-Mar Oct-feb 1/2″ 1-3″ 65-80
Cauliflower 4-6 weeks Yes Jan-Feb + Aug-Oct Oct-Jan Oct-Jan 1/2″ 18-24″ 75-90
Celery 10 weeks No Jan-Mar Aug-Feb Oct-Jan 1/4″ 6-10″ 80-115
Chinese Cabbage 4-6 weeks Yes Oct-Feb Oct-Jan Nov-Jan 1/2″ 12-24″ 70-90
Collards 4-6 weeks Yes Feb-Apr + Aug-Nov Aug-Mar Aug-Feb 1/2″ 10-18″ 70-80
Endive/Escarole 4-6 weeks Yes Feb-Mar + Sep Jan-Feb + Sep Sep-Jan 1/2″ 8-12″ 80-95
Kale 4-6 weeks Yes Sep-Feb Sep-Jan Sep-Jan 1/2″ 12-18″ 30
Kolrabi 4-6 weeks Yes Sep-Mar Oct-Mar Oct-Feb 1/2″ 24-30″ 70-80
Lettuce, Crisp Leaf, Romaine, Butterhead 4-6 weeks Yes Feb-Mar + Sep-Oct Sep-Mar Sep-Jan 1/4″ 8-12″ 45-90
Mustard Greens 4-6 weeks Yes Sep-May Sep-Mar Sep-Mar 1/2″ 1-6″ 40-60
Spinach 4-6 weeks Yes Oct-Nov Oct-Nov Oct-Jan 3/4″ 3-5″ 45-60
Onions, Bulbing 6-8 weeks Yes Sep-Dec Sep-Dec Sep-Nov 1/2″ 4-6″ 5-150
Parsley 9-10 weeks Yes Sep-Mar Oct-Feb Sep-Jan 1/2″ 8-12″ 70-90
Peas, English 4 weeks Yes Jan-Mar Sep-Feb Sep-Feb 1-2″ 2-3″ 50-70
Potato Tubers Jan-Mar Sep-Jan Sep-Jan 3-4″ 8-12″ 85-110
Radish Yes Sep-Mar Sep-Mar Oct-Mar 3/4″ 1-4″ 20-35
Turnip Yes Jan-Apr + Aug-Oct Jan-Mar + Sep-Nov Oct-Feb 1/2″ 4-6″ 40-60

North Florida = North of SR-40
Central Florida = Between SR-40 and SR-70
South Florida = South of SR-70

Areas that are on the borderline of two Regions, please adjust dates as needed for your area as Planting Dates may overlap.

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